Compound Nouns

A compound noun is a noun that is made with two or more words. A compound noun is usually [noun + noun] or [adjective + noun], but there are other combinations (see below). It is important to understand and recognize compound nouns. Each compound noun acts as a single unit and can be modified by adjectives and other nouns.

There are three forms for compound nouns:

  1. open or spaced – space between words (tennis shoe)
  2. hyphenated – hyphen between words (six-pack)
  3. closed or solid – no space or hyphen between words (bedroom)

Here are some examples of compound nouns:

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Uses of Like

‘Like’ is a very common word in English. It can be used as a verb or as a preposition. There are a number of common questions with ‘like’ that are easy to confuse. It is important to understand questions with ‘like’ because they may concern what you like in general, or what you want at the moment. Take a look at these common questions with ‘like’:

What’s he like?
What do you like eating?
What would you like to eat?

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Wh Questions

The most common questions in English are often referred to as ‘wh’ questions. ‘Wh’ questions begin with ‘wh’ and include:


How is often included with these why questions, even though it does not begin with ‘wh’. ‘Wh’ questions ask for specific responses as to the time, place, reason, thing or person.

Whereasks a question about place
Whenasks questions about time
Whyasks questions about reasons
Whatasks questions about things or objects

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Differences between Set and Sit

Use ‘set’ to express the placement of an object on a surface.

I set the plates down on the table.
She set the books on chest of drawers.

Important Note: ‘Set’ is often used to refer to placing plates, glasses and other utensils on the table.

Verb Forms: Set – Set – Set – Setting

Use ‘sit’ when referring to the subject which moves from a standing to a sitting position.

Can I sit down?
Please sit on this chair.

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Differences between Leave and Let

Use ‘leave’ to express movement away from a place.

I left the house at five o’clock.
She always leaves for work at seven in the morning.

Important Note: ‘Leave’ can also express the idea that someone has forgotten or placed something in another place.

She left her keys on the table.
I usually leave the papers in the top drawer.

Verb Forms: Leave – Left – Left – Leaving

Use ‘let’ to express the idea that someone allows another person do something.

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Differences between Remind and Remember

Use ‘remind’ to indicate that someone has reminded someone else to do something. Use the phrasal verb ‘remind of’ to indicate that someone or something else reminds you of someone or something else.

Jane reminded me to get him something for his birthday.
She reminded me of my sister.

Important Note: ‘Remind’ always takes an object.

Verb Forms: Remind – Reminded – Reminded – Reminding

‘Remember’ is used when a person remembers to do something on his or her own.

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Differences between Raise and Rise

Use ‘raise’ to indicate that something is lifted into another position by another person or thing.

I raised the books above my head.
She raised her hand in class.

Important Note:‘Raise’ is also used to express bringing up children, as well as increasing salary. Remember that ‘raise’ takes a direct object (the object being raised by someone or something).

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