Simple Present – Present Progressive


Form

Simple Present Present Progressive
infinitive
(3rd person singular: infinitive + ‘s’)

I speak
you speak
he / she / it speaks
we speak
they speak

form of ‘be’ and verb + ing

I am speaking
you are speaking
he / she / it is speaking
we are speaking
they are speaking

Exceptions
Exceptions when adding ‘s’ :

  • For can, may, might, must, do not add s.

    Example: he can, she may, it must

  • After o, ch, sh or s, add es.

    Example: do – he does, wash – she washes

  • After a consonant, the final consonant ybecomes ie. (but: not after a vowel)

    Example: worry – he worries
    but: play – he plays

Exceptions when adding ‘ing’ :

  • Silent e is dropped. (but: does not apply for -ee)

    Example: come – coming
    but: agree – agreeing

  • After a short, stressed vowel, the final consonant is doubled.

    Example: sit – sitting

  • After a vowel, the final consonant l is doubled in British English (but not in American English).

    Example: travel – travelling (British English)
    but: traveling (American English)

  • Final ie becomes y.

    Example: lie – lying

See also explanations on Simple Present and Present Progressive

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