Adjectives


Let´s talk about Adjectives 😀

 

Definition

Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence. The Articles — a, an, and the — are adjectives.

  • the tall professor
  • the lugubrious lieutenant
  • a solid commitment
  • a month’s pay
  • a six-year-old child
  • the unhappiest, richest man

If a group of words containing a subject and verb acts as an adjective, it is called an Adjective Clause. My sister, who is much older than I am, is an engineer. If an adjective clause is stripped of its subject and verb, the resulting modifier becomes an Adjective Phrase: He is the man who is keeping my family in the poorhouse.

Before getting into other usage considerations, one general note about the use — or over-use — of adjectives: Adjectives are frail; don’t ask them to do more work than they should. Let your broad-shouldered verbs and nouns do the hard work of description. Be particularly cautious in your use of adjectives that don’t have much to say in the first place: interesting, beautiful, lovely, exciting. It is your job as a writer to create beauty and excitement and interest, and when you simply insist on its presence without showing it to your reader — well, you’re convincing no one.

Consider the uses of modifiers in this adjectivally rich paragraph from Thomas Wolfe’s Look Homeward, Angel. (Charles Scribner’s, 1929, p. 69.) Adjectives are highlighted in this colorparticiples, verb forms acting as adjectives, are highlighted in this blue. Some people would argue that words that are part of a name — like “East India Tea House — are not really adjectival and that possessive nouns — father’sfarmer’s — are not technically adjectives, but we’ve included them in our analysis of Wolfe’s text.

He remembered yet the East India Tea House at the Fair, the sandalwood, the turbans, and the robes, the cool interior and the smell of Indiatea; and he had felt now the nostalgic thrill of dew-wet mornings in Spring, the cherry scent, the cool clarion earth, the wet loaminess of the garden, the pungent breakfast smells and the floating snow of blossoms. He knew the inchoate sharp excitement of hot dandelions in youngearth; in July, of watermelons bedded in sweet hay, inside a farmer’s covered wagon; of cantaloupe and crated peaches; and the scent oforange rind, bitter-sweet, before a fire of coals. He knew the good male smell of his father’s sitting-room; of the smooth worn leather sofa, with the gaping horse-hair rent; of the blistered varnished wood upon the hearth; of the heated calf-skin bindings; of the flat moist plug of appletobacco, stuck with a red flag; of wood-smoke and burnt leaves in October; of the brown tired autumn earth; of honey-suckle at night; of warmnasturtiums, of a clean ruddy farmer who comes weekly with printed butter, eggs, and milk; of fat limp underdone bacon and of coffee; of a bakery-oven in the wind; of large deep-hued stringbeans smoking-hot and seasoned well with salt and butter; of a room of old pine boards in which books and carpets have been stored, long closed; of Concord grapes in their long white baskets.

An abundance of adjectives like this would be uncommon in contemporary prose. Whether we have lost something or not is left up to you.

read more…

Advertisements

O destino do meu Intercambio, Inglaterra – Custo de vida


O número de brasileiros que sonham em fazer intercâmbio na Inglaterra é altissímo e tem aumentado com o crescimento da autonomia financeira da classe C. Porém, por não terem a mínima ideia do budget mensal a ser gasto, muitos acabam mudando o destino da viagem ou até mesmo se privando de viver uma experiência em outro pais.

Por isso, como no E-Dublin dúvida de leitor se torna título de matéria, pesquisamos o custo de vida em algumas cidades da Inglaterra (Londres, Brighton e Cambridge) que, segundo a agência de Intercâmbio Egali são os destinos mais procurados por jovens, quando o assunto é estudar no Reino Unido.

Para termos uma noção geral, dividimos os gastos em acomodação, alimentação, transporte e Night Life (barzinhos, jantares, cinemas, baladas e etc). Afinal é díficil para qualquer ser humano viver sem uma das categorias citadas acima.

Mas, já adianto que a opção de intercambiar na Inglaterra requer um belo investimento, ja que,  mesmo com a crise europeia ainda opera com uma das moedas mais valorizadas  na Europa (Libra Esterlina/ Pound).

Então, veja abaixo quanto sai a brincadeira de morar no país da rainha Elisabeth. Enjoy it!

London Eye

Londres – O cobiçado lar dos brasileiros.

Brighton – A cidade litorânea da Ilha.

Cambridge – A atmosfera estudantil.

CUSTOS

Acomodação

De £60,00 à £100,00 (R$190 a R$317) por semana – totalizando 240,00 – 400,00£ (R$763 a R$1007) por mês. Isso fechando acomodação por conta própria. Agências de intercâmbio cobram em média £80,00 à £200,00 por semana, o que resulta £320,00 – £800,00 (R$1017 a R$2543) por mês.
Leia mais…

Common Errors in English


What is an error in English?
The concept of language errors is a fuzzy one. I’ll leave to linguists the technical definitions. Here we’re concerned only with deviations from the standard use of English as judged by sophisticated users such as professional writers, editors, teachers, and literate executives and personnel officers. The aim of this site is to help you avoid low grades, lost employment opportunities, lost business, and titters of amusement at the way you write or speak.

Errors List – CLick here

Tips and advice on learning English conversation and vocabulary


I have found important information that may be valuable for all students of English. I am a former English (ESL) teacher. I have undertaken a thorough comprehensive research on the most effective methods and aids for learning English. Those aids include audio, videos, websites, study books, etc. I want to share with you that information for English language learners.

Of course, everyday talking in English to native English speakers on a variety of topics helps best in order to be able to speak English fluently. But relatively few learners of English have such long-term opportunity. To eventually be able to speak English fluently, first of all one must have materials with important content on all everyday topics (audio, videos, printed texts/study books, etc.) for beginning, intermediate and advanced levels of study. The materials must include dialogs, monologues (thematic texts), questions – answers with important content, thematic lists of difficult word meanings and phrases (expressions) with usage sentences, and comprehensive vocabulary on all everyday topics. I believe that one can master English conversation and vocabulary with the following methods:

1. One must listen to each sentence in conversations (thematic dialogs) in audio materials several times and see printed texts at the same time, and understand everything in those sentences clearly.

2. One must read (pronounce) each sentence aloud and compare one’s pronunciation to the announcer’s pronunciation.

3. Speaking activity with self-control. One must check if one can orally convey the content of those dialogs closely to the original dialogs as much as possible, that is try to be an actor for both speakers in the dialogs. The most important thing is to speak English yourself, and to check in printed conversations (dialogs) whether you have made any mistakes in speaking.

One can also make one’s own written questions on the dialogs that require long answers contained in the dialogs to facilitate (make easier) one’s imitation of the dialogs. Alternatively, one can write key words and phrases, or main ideas as a plan to make easier for one to imitate those dialogs.

4. One must also prepare potential questions and answers with important content on all everyday topics and practice speaking. To show different ways of expressing one’s thought one can make several potential questions and answers on one point in this speaking activity. There are two websites that contain a lot of ready-made questions in English on a large variety of topics: www.esldiscussions.comhttp://iteslj.org

5. One must have lists of difficult word meanings and of phrases (expressions) on every topic with usage sentences. One must read those ready-made vocabulary usage sentences many times if needed. Longman Language Activator Dictionary (unique English Idea Production Dictionary) covers this issue thoroughly. One must also make one’s own sentences with that vocabulary, taking into consideration real life situations.

6. One can learn a lot of vocabulary on every topic from thematic English dictionaries. Good thematic English dictionaries provide clear word usage explanations and also a few usage sentences for each word meaning, which is especially important. One must also make one’s own sentences with difficult vocabulary. Think about the real life situations where and when that vocabulary can be used.

7. One can also learn English vocabulary by reading thematic texts (materials), first of all on everyday topics with important content, for example: Practical Tips and Advice to Make Everyday Life Easier and Better (practical solutions for everyday problems). Such self-helpbooks on settling everyday matters are available at book stores.

One must write down unknown vocabulary in whole sentences. One must practice telling the content of the texts that one has read. As people say, practice makes perfect.

8. Constant review of material ensures solid knowledge and success in learning.

9. One must also make use of other important aids on a variety of topics to improve one’s English conversation and vocabulary skills: audio, videos (English learning videos, travel videos, etc.), Internet resources, English learning magazines, newspapers, newsletters, radio programs (especially the BBC English learning programs/materials), TV programs (educational programs, documentary films, movies, news), books and e-books on a variety of subjects, online communication with native English speakers (chat, by email, by Skype).

Good libraries have a wide selection of English learning aids.