The adjectives in English


What are adjectives?

Adjectives tell us something about a person or a thing.


What do adjectives modify?

Adjectives can modify nouns or pronouns/names.

person thing
Mandy is a careful girl. This is a nice car.
She is careful. It is nice.
Mandy is careful.

Where do adjectives go?

An adjective can be put before the noun). Then it is an attribute.

person thing
Mandy is a careful girl. This is a nice car.

An adjective can be put after the verb to be (is). Then it is part of the predicate.

person thing
The girl is careful. This car is nice.

Adjectives can go after the following verbs: appear, become, feel, get, go, keep, turn.

When we speak about what something looks like, smells, sounds and tastes – we use the adjective. Mind the difference between adjective and adverb.

I feel great.
She looks good.
It seems impossible.
The steak smells fantastic.


Can adjectives be used without nouns?

Yes, adjectives can be used without nouns. Mind the definite article “the”:

the rich = rich people

Here is an example from the fairy tale “Cinderella”:

“The good must be put in the dish,
The bad you may eat if you wish.”

Here is another example with nationalities in the plural:

The Scottish live in the North of the United Kingdom.


Can two or more adjectives used together?

Yes, if you use more adjectives you can put them in front of the noun:

a fat old cat

or you can put them after the verb (eg. to be). Then and is placed between the last two adjectives.

It was cold, wet and windy.


Adjectives, ending in -ing and -ed

There are adjectives ending in -ing and -ed. These are participle constructions, used like adjectives. Here are some examples:

A) Here the adjective is put before the noun:

Yesterday I read an amusing story in a magazine.
Doris has a boring job.
We watched the group of excited people.

B) Here the adjective is put after the verb:

I was not at all amused by the dicussion.
Children get bored very quickly.
The end of the film was really exciting for me.

source

 

The adjectives in English
The comparison of adjectives
Sentences with comparisons
Exercises: Adjectives and adverbs

2 thoughts on “The adjectives in English

  1. Pingback: “Quick Writing Exercise – Revisiting Adjectives” by Debra L Hartmann | Authors Helping Authors Resource Site

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