Summary – Questions


1) Yes/No questions – be

Subject and verb change their position in statement and question.

statement You are from Germany.
question Are you from Germany?

We always use the short answer, not only “Yes” or “No”. This sounds rude.

NOTE:
If the answer is “Yes”, we always use the long form.
Example: Yes, I am.

If the answer is “No”, we either use the long or the contracted form (short form).
Example: No, I am not – No, I’m not.

Are you from Germany? Yes, I am.
No, I am not.
‘m not.
Is he your friend? Yes, he is.
Are Peter and John from England? Yes, they are.

 


2) Questions with question words – be

Question word Verb Rest Answer
Where are you from? I’m from Stuttgart.
What is your name? My name is Peter.
How are Pat and Sue? They’re fine.

 


3) Yes/No Questions and short answers – have

Auxiliary Subject Verb Rest Yes/No Subject Auxiliary
(+ n’t)
Have you got a cat? Yes, I have.
Have you got a new car? No, we haven’t.
Has your brother got a bike? Yes, he has.
Do you have a cat? Yes, I do.
Do you have a new car? No, we don’t.
Does your brother have a bike? Yes, he does.

 


4) Questions with question words – have

Question word Auxiliary Subject Verb Rest Answer
Where have you got your ruler? I’ve got it in my pencil case.
Where do you have your ruler? I have it in my pencil case.

 


5) Questions without question words in the Simple Present

Auxiliary Subject Verb Rest Yes/No Subject Auxiliary (+ n’t)
Do you read books? Yes, I do.
No, I don’t.
Does Peter play football? Yes, he does.

 


6) Questions with question words in the Simple Present

Question word Auxiliary Subject Verb Rest Answer
What do you play on your computer? I play games on my computer.
When does your mother go to work? She goes to work at 6 o’clock.
Where do you meet your friends? I meet them at the bus stop.

 


7) Questions without question words in the Simple Past

Auxiliary Subject Verb Rest Yes/No Subject Auxiliary (+ n’t)
Did Max play football? Yes, he did.
No, he didn’t.
Did you watch the film yesterday? Yes, I did.
No, I didn’t.

BUT:

to be Subject xxx Rest Yes/No Subject Auxiliary (+ n’t)
Were you in Leipzig last week? Yes, I was.
No, I wasn’t.

 


8) Questions with question words in the Simple Past

Question word Auxiliary Subject Verb Rest Answer
What did you do yesterday evening? I did my homework.
When did she meet her boyfriend? She met him yesterday.
Where did they go after the match? They went to a café.

BUT:

Question word to be Subject xxxxx Rest Answer
Where were you yesterday? I was at the cinema.

 


9) Subject question

Question word Verb Rest Subject Verb Object – Place – Time
Who runs to the shop? Peter runs to the shop.

 


10) Object question

Question word Auxiliary Subject Verb Rest Answer
Who do you like? I like my mum.
Who did Mandy phone last Monday? Mandy phoned her uncle.

NOTE!

Subject question Object question
Who phoned John? Who did John phone?
Answer:
Peggy phoned John.
Answer:
John phoned Peggy.

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